How Big is a 12 Gauge Slug?

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A 12 gauge slug has a flat trajectory out to around 150 yards. If you shoot it with an iron sight, you should be able to hit your target at that range. At that distance, the slug is still traveling at 1000 ft/sec, so a good shot should be possible. After 100 yards, the slug hasn’t dropped much, but it will drop around 10 inches at 130 yards.

Various lengths

Various lengths of a 12 gauge shell are available to suit the needs of different shooters. They must choose the correct length to balance power, recoil, and availability. Among all the sizes, 12 gauge shells are the most popular for hunting and target shooting. But the 12 gauge carries a great deal of recoil. The 20 gauge shell is another popular choice for hunters and is known for its low recoil. However, it is not recommended for larger game or all target shooting situations.

How big is a 12 gauge slug

While the Brenneke slug is a solid piece of lead, the Foster slug has ribs on the outside that reduce the friction in the barrel and increase the slug’s velocity. It is a good choice for hunting hogs or black bears with 410 shells. Rifled slugs are also available. Rifled slugs are designed to improve their accuracy and are better for long-range shots.

The length of a shotshell in a shotgun is also important. Depending on the shotgun, the length of a shotshell can vary by a quarter to half-inch. It is not a good idea to use longer shotshells in shotguns that are designed for short shells, as this will lead to excessive wear on the shotgun’s barrel and chamber.

Effective range

Effective range is the distance at which a shotgun slug can be expected to hit the target. Slugs from shotguns are not as effective as those from rifles, and their range is limited. In addition to limited range, shotgun slugs have poor accuracy. In most situations, you should shoot a 12 gauge slug at a range of about 150 yards.

While traditional slugs may not have as high an effective range as a sabot bullet, modern sabot bullets make use of rifled barrels to increase accuracy. Some new high-velocity sabot rounds are capable of delivering more than 1,000 ft.-lbs. of energy at 200 yards. But before you can successfully shoot with a sabot load, you must learn how to accurately deliver the load.

The best 12-gauge slugs are designed to increase shotgun power, penetration, and accuracy. To maximize their potential, they need to be paired with the correct type of shotgun.


When it comes to hunting big game, penetration is an important factor. A slug can penetrate almost anything, including interior walls and drywall. This means that even if it misses the target, it will still kill the animal. However, if you’re planning to shoot someone in their home, you may want to avoid using this ammunition.

A 12 gauge slug weighs an ounce and is 3/4 of an inch in diameter. It is made of lead and has spiral grooves on its side that help stabilize the projectile while in flight. These features make this slug similar to an improved musket ball. Compared to a musket ball, it has deep penetration with little deformation.

Another factor that contributes to the slug’s penetration is its light weight. However, a shotgun slug is more effective in longer ranges because it only uses one projectile instead of several. This feature makes shotgun slugs useful for hunting in tight spaces.


The Safety of a 12 gauge slug is a new specialty round that was developed to address two concerns with common defensive projectiles: over-penetration and ricocheting. The former concern can be resolved with the use of the Glaser Safety Slug, which has a polymer tip and a thin copper jacket. These slugs are made for 13 different defensive-handgun cartridges. The FBI-approved defensive-handgun bullet expands to 1.5 times its diameter and penetrates through a solid object at a distance of 12 inches. Both the 12 gauge and the 6 gauge slugs penetrate to varying depths, depending on their diameter. The latter will penetrate to a distance of six to eight inches, while the former will penetrate up to two inches.

The average shotgun slug has a limited range, and isn’t very accurate. It loses about half of its energy at 100 yards. Therefore, if you plan to shoot at a distance of more than 100 yards, you should be aware of the target and follow all gun safety rules.